Nanduri Subbarao in his own words on Yenki pATalu -#2

Thu, 20 Feb 1997 17:57:45 -0500

	  Yenki Patalu were a revolutionary poetic creation those days.
	  Just like everything else, Yenki was an enigma and Yenki Patalu
	  were an anathema. The world has people with diverse tastes.
	  Diverse opinions exist among them about a same topic/thing.

	  I just wanted to present here what the original author had to say
	  about his own works rather than someone other than him analyzing
	  his works. I like to see history from the history maker and here Sri
	  Nanduri was the history maker for his Yenki Patal History. So, his
	  historical sketch, has to be more authentic. The same way, it is fun
	  reading the prefaces for Kanyasulkam by Gurazada than reading literary
	  criticisms written by many. Sure! The authenticity is there in the
	  original author' own words. I would feel more closer to the author
	  when the author narrates his own experiences while making a book of
	  his own.

	  In addition to digging out the history from the author's first couple
	  of pages, it would be valuable if that is recorded in simple English
	  on a forum like Telusa so that several Telugus unable to read Telugu
	  and non-Telugus, both interested in our literature, would be able and
	  fortunate to read some aspects of our literature - is my new mission.
	  At this stage, I would rather leave arguments and debates to other
	  highly more learned scholars on this forum.

	  With those few pennies, let me shift over to the actual topic. The
	  following is from the preface to the second edition of Nanduri
	  Subbarao's Yenki Patalu. It seems, Nanduri by then was in Eluru and
	  finished his second preface there on 3/8/52.
	  It is interesting to see more of what he felt about his work.


	       Nanduri Subbarao in his own words on Yenki pATalu  -#2
			   Preface to Second Edition (1952)

	      All the copies of first edition Yenki pATalu were sold out.
   It was too long after no copies were available in the market. In the mean
   time, Nanduri had written some more new songs. There were several hurdles
   that Nanduri faced to publish a second edition of his book along with the
   inclusion of his new songs. The project was delayed but finally it became a

	  In 1926, Nanduri Subbarao, started practising his legal profession.
   His friends then cautioned him that Law and Poetry were not compatible. Even
   though Nanduri was chanting Yenki's name regulaly, he was unable to pen at
   least half of the songs. Finally in 1948, Nanduri was able to finish the new
   songs. In the same year, Nanduri met Sri Manchala Jagannadharao (AIR, Patna)
   and both became very good friends. It appears from Nanduri's writings that
   Manchala was a very good Veena player and a good singer. From that year on
   wards, Manchala used to come and visit Nanduri, once a year. During his
   visit, Manchala used to stay at Nanduri's place, play Veena, and sing songs
   in melodious voice. Manchala's enchanting voice brought Nanduri's Yenki songs
   back to life. It was because of Manchala's friendhip, Nanduri was at least
   successful in finishing half of the new songs he planned to write. Nanduri
   extends his gratefulness to Manchala.

	  Manchala's friendship did not end there. Manchala set tunes for
   Nanduri's 40 new songs. Manchala even gave the musical notations for those
   songs. Nanduri said in this preface that unfortunately due to unavoidable
   circumstances he could neither present the musical notations given by Sri
   Parupalli Ramakrushnayya for the earlier songs nor the the musical notations
   given by Sri Manchala Jagannadha Rao for the new songs in his second edition
   of Yenki Patalu.

	 Some liked Nanduri's Yenki Patalu and some disliked them. Even his
   own friends were divided in to two groups - one "validating" one "declining".
   Nanduri was well aware of that and it seems that he accepted that vote.
   Cattamanci Ramalingareddi said that those without good qualities would not
   ridicule or laugh and hence, he read those Yenki Patalu. Nanduri stated that
   those who did not approve his songs, till today, supported towards the
   healthy growth of his songs. He specially respected those who did not validate
   his work and approve his songs. That is a remarkale character in a poet and
   you see that among a handful, if you are lucky.

	 Sri Bhamidipati Ramasomayajul, advocate, Chodavaram (Visakha district),
   did a painting for one of Nanduri's small songs and published in Bharati.
   From that day on wards, there arose a plethora of arguments and counter
   arguments on Nanduri's Yenki Songs and the publicity his songs gained was

	 The affection and love extended by Kalaprapurna Vedam Venkataraya
   Sastrulu, Sir Cattamanci Ramalinga Reddy, Sri Veturu Prabhakar Sastry, Sri
   Panchagnula Adinarayana Sastry, and Rao Saheb Gidugu Ramamurthy Pantulu did
   definitely enhance the publicity for Nanduri's Yenki Songs and brought them
   into the center of Telugu Poetry those days.


	 Sri Mallampalli Somasekhara Sarma, for the first time, discussed these
   songs in a symposium conducted by the Telugu Scholars (1925).

	 Prof. D. Appala Narasimham in 1926 and Sri Burgula Ramakrushnarao, the
   then Chief Minister of Hyderabad in 1928, highlighted and validated these
   Yenki Songs in Bharati.

	 Sri M. Chalapati Rao, the then Editor of National Herald, Lucknow,
   and Sri Kolavennu Ramakoteswararao, the then Editor of Triveni, published
   literary criticism on Nanduri's Yenki Patalu in Triveni.

	 The great scholar, Sri Vedala Tiruvengalacharyulu, in his Andhra
   Dhvanya Lokam, used one of Nanduri's Yenki Song as an example.

	 Prof. Guruganti Sitarama Battaraka, in his Navya Sahitya Vidi, offered
   a place for Nanduri's Yenki.

	 Bellakonda Raghava, analyzing each song at a time, published several
   essays with affection.

	 Prof. Vissa Apparao (31/5/52) located a place for Yenki Songs in the
   World of Songs.

	 Rukmininadhudu and Rajani shaped Nanduri's Yenki Songs into plays.

	 Sri Adavi Bapiraju painted paintings for Nanduri's Yenki Songs.

	 Sangitakalanidhi Prof. Dvaram Venkata Swami Nayudu nurtured Nanduri's
   Yenki Songs with musical vigor.

	 English literary scholar like Sri M. Chalapati Rao translated these
   Nanduri's Yenki Songs into English.

	 King of actors like Ramakrushna played the Yenki Song plays on the

	 Kavisamrattu Viswanadha Satyanarayana offered places in his novels.

	 Sri Devulapalli Krushna Sastri (as nanDUri calls him : sOdaruDu
   kRshNaSAstri) several times spoke kind words about Nanduri's Yenki Songs
   and especially sang them in many meetings.

	 Sri Gudipati Venkatachalam (as nanDUri calls him: rasikulu Sri Gudipati
   Venkatachalam) wholeheartedly mused these Yenki songs (Nanduri used the exact
   word "Muse" for Chalam).

	 Sri SriSri brought these Yenki songs into lime light in Svatantra.

	 Sivasankara Swamy, president  of Nanduri's Sahiti Samiti, showered his
   blessings on these Yenki Songs.

	 Nanduri mentioned that all these people extended their support to him
   to finish writing his new Yenki Songs. In his old age, he feels equal
   importance about his Yenki Songs and the affection shown towards him by all
   his friends. He cherished both his songs and the affection shown by his
   friends in his old age.

	 All India Radio stations at Madras, Vijayawada, and Hyderabad
   brought his songs on Air and their in house singers sang Nanduri's songs
   with musical gimmickry/talent. Nanduri loved it.

	 Some said that the language of the new Yenki Songs had changed
   from that of the old Yenki Songs. Devulapalli Krushna Sastry (8-5-53, Madras
   Cultural Club) and the Editor of the Krushna Patrika (in the Gidugu
   Ramamurthy Commemoration Issue), gave answers to why the language of Yenki
   Songs changed for the new songs. Nanduri left the decission to the judgement
   call of the readers and he finally declared that change was inevitable.

	 Nanduri Dedicated the new songs to that "tala taDumukoni tabbibbaina
   adbhuta mUrti" in his "ravala velugu" song (the title is "tabbibbu").
   In Nanduri's words "I kotta pATala ankitam nA ravala velugulu pATalO tala
   taDumukoni tabbibbaina adButamUrtiki. A mUrtiki nA kavitva jIvitA darSamula
   yeDa nIrasa BAvamu tappa marO BAvamunaku tAvulEdani yeringiyu, nA Bakti cEya
   vEru pUjA dravyamulEmi? vIninE arpincucunnAnu."

				      ---based on Nanduri Venkata Subbarao
   ---pAlana                             Preface, Yenki Patalu, Second Edition
    (English)                            Eluru, 3-8-52.

   Disclaimer: Opinions are mine.
   To Be continued......................
   Special Thanks to Chy. Paruchuri Srinivas and Sri Veluri Venkateswara Rao
   who encouraged me to put this in English.