PLANTS IN POTANA's BHAGAVATAM - I

PALANA (nparinand@cas.org)
Mon, 6 Nov 95 11:48:35 EST

Sorry! It is 3 screens in length.

PLANTS IN POTANA'S BHAGAVATAM - I
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I am giving the English and Botanical names of plants described
by Potana in his Gajendramoksham (Bhagavatam) following the list provided
by Sri Bapa Rao. My plan is to recreate the garden with these plants
(on paper). These trees flower in different times of the year - phenology
of these plants differs from each other; each at a given time period
(season) of the year will be in a different phenophase (i.e. the
morphological appearance correlates with the season). For example, in
autumn, tree A will be in flowering and tree B in the fruiting stage where
as tree C will just bear the buds. Some times, three different species will
be in flowering in a given season. These are called seasonal rhythms
(seaonal biorhythms). That makes the environment more aesthetic and
pleasing. Unlike the temperate environment like we live in, subtropical and
tropical climates (environs) are different - gradients of growth, flowering,
and fruiting and ultimately senescence are seen among the plant communities
in a given area and time (season).

I am presenting the first 10 plants here. I will try to finish the rest
soon. It was difficult to find out the correct names of a couple here and
there. Most of the names Potana used for these plants are Sanskrit names
and for many of those Telugu equivalents are available. That debate is left
to those who are interested in it (for mOksham). For most of those plants,
I have the (or I can get) the morphological appearances. I am planning to
paint a model painting of Potana's garden with all these (with exceptions of
half a dozen) - with respect to one season.

Once I compile all the information on all Potana's plants, I will also give
the phenograms (phenophases) of each plant (tree) - i.e. seasonality and
plat phases. That will give me which season I should pick up for painting.
It is not difficult for me to just paint an India Ink outline (black and
white). Bapa Rao garu - I should go back and read the Gajendramoksham
again. Do you recollect any description of nature there in that setting?
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1) ma'tulumga (mAtulumga) (Sanskrit)
Telugu: ma'tulumgamu (mAtulumgamu); ma'diiPala vRkshamu
English : citron
Most Famous : dabba ka'ya
Botanical Name : Genus : Citrus
Family : Rutaceae (lemon family or karivEpa'ku family)

2) lumga (Sanskrit)
Telugu : lumgamu; pulla ma'diiPalamu
English : citrus fruit or citron
Botanical Name: Genus : Citrus
Species : medica
Family : Rutaceae (lemon family or karivEpa'ku family)

3) lavamga (Sanskrit)
Telugu : lavamgamu; lavamga'lu; dEva kusumamu
English: cloves
Botanical Name : Caryophyllus aromaticus
Syzygium aromaticum (syn)
Eugenia aromatica (syn)
Eugenia caryophyllata (syn)
Family : Myrtaceae (ja'mi or nErEDu family)
It is a native of Moluccas but introduced in India.
Very aromatic plant. Contains medicinally important
aromatic essential oils with eugenol.

4) kEtaki (Sanskrit)
Telugu : mogali; kEtaki; paccapuvvu mogali
English : Screw Pine
Botanical Name : Pandanus fascicularis
Pandanus odoratissimis (syn)
Family : Pandanaceae
Female : gojjamgi (in Telugu)
A coastal plant in Andhra and NE Andhra.
An economically important plant.
Has a prominent place in Andhra Culutre.
"mogali poovutO kuTTina va'lu jaDa".
"Is that mogali na'gu really golden yellow in color?"
(more on these later)

5) Balla'ta (Sanskrit)
Telugu : Balla'ta or Balla'taki or jiiDi gimja or jiiDi ceTTu
English : Marking Nut, Oriental cashew
Botanical Name: Semecarpus anacardium
Family : Anacardiaceae (Mango or cashew family)
(This is different from the real cashew tree. That is "jiiDi
ma'miDi - Anacardium occidentale. Also called in Andhra -
mokka ma'miDi and Sanskrit - kajutaka.)
Washermen(women) use this Balla'ta to mark garments!
Also a coastal plant (mid size tree).

6) saraLa (Sanskrit)
Telugu : saraLa; saraLamu; saraLa dEvada'ru; tella tegaDa ceTTu
Hindi : Cir
English : Cir pine; Himalyan longleaved pine
Bengal : saraLa gach
Botanical Name: Pinus longifolia
Pinus roxburghii (Syn)
Family : Pinacea
(It is a Gymnosperm just like pines here - conifers or
evergreens. A Himalayan plant.)

7) panasa or paNasa (Sanskrit : paNasa)
Telugu: panasa; panasa ceTTu
ceTTu panasa or vEru panasa are different species.
English : Jack Fruit Tree
Botanical Name : Artocarpus heterophyllus
Artocarpus integrifolia (Syn)
Family : Moraceae (Fig or Marri family)

8) badari (Sanskrit)
Telugu : badaramu (fruit) ; rEgu ceTTu; karakandhavu
Engish : Indian Jujube, common jujube
Sanskrit : madhur phala; ajapriya; kuvala
Oriya : barkOLi

There are different varieties in this rEgu

Family: Rhamnaceae (rEgu family)
"BOgii paLLu maricipOya'ra'?"

9) vakuLa (Sanskrit)
Telugu : vakuLamu; pogaDa ceTTu; pogoDDa; pogoDa; bogaDa
English : Bulletwood tree
Botanical Name : Mimusops elengi
Family : Sapotaceae (Sapota family)
Fruits look like Sapota fruits.
Seeds are shiny and girls play with them just like chimtapikkalu.
Flowers are extremely fragrant. Uusally cobras live on the
top of the plant. (More on this later).

10) vamjuLamu or vamjulamu.

Telugu : vamjuLamu; aSOka vRkshamu; nemmi ceTTu
There are two different plants listed under this name.

A) Botanical name : Dalbergia ougeinesnsis
Ougeinia oojeinensis (Syn)
Family : Leguminosae (Pea family)

B) Botanical Name : Saraca asoca
Saraca indica
Telugu : aSOkamu; kamkeli

11) vaTa (Sanskrit)
Telugu: vaTamu; maRRi ceTTu
English : Indian Fig tree, Banyan Tree
Botanical Name : Ficus bengalensis (benghalensis)
Family : Moraceae (Fig family)
"maRRi lEni voorEdi?"

--pa'lana
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